22.09.2011

History of capitalization

Unique environment of the Kherson region aroused ‘entrepreneurial spirit’ in everyone, who came to this land since the beginning of civilization. Nomadic tribes of Cimmerians and the Celts have achieved good results in animal husbandry - perfectly tanned hides and dried meat, soaked in aromatic herbs of the steppe, was popular among the Egyptians, who changed it into jewelry. Later these lands mastered Greeks, who begin to grow wheat here for their own needs and exports to the ancient East.

Due to its geographical location, the territory has always been an important logistics center. Here was the famous route ‘from the Vikings to the Greeks,’ located Vitov’s Custom of Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Turkish Tavan crossing, the main port of Kievan Rus - Oleshie. After the start of settling in these lands by the Russian Empire - for their well-established the name ‘golden purse of Russia.’

The potential of the territory appreciated not only in Russia in the XIX century, there were functioning Consulates of 5 countries, the Europeans were emigrating en masse here, creating settlements, establishing large-scale enterprises, opening the trading houses. The settlers were gradually becoming major moguls who saw their future in the Kherson region. On the territory were built the shipyard, sawmill, winery (whose products receive the Grand Prix in Paris), footwear, tobacco, wool processing factories (the whole Europe was dressed in wool produced in the Taurus region). Has been widely developed export of the Dnieper herring, sea mullet, cod liver oil, production of large-mussels and oyster production, corned beef, dozens of varieties of honey. In the arid steppes planted orchards of apples and unique peaches (seedlings are imported from Europe and America), established gardens with rare plants and animals. Through 4 Kherson ports exported annually over one million tons of grain (a high-quality grain allowed to export it, even to England). In Kherson were more than 100 industrial and 200 commercial enterprises and stores, several banks. In Hola Pristan district and Skadovsk began to function world famous mud spa. Here was created the largest in the south of the yacht club. Began sale of ‘hunting license’ for hunting in areas of unique Dnieper marshes. The biggest moguls were planning to pave the Kherson branch line of the maritime areas of the region to connect the city with a coastline - which would expand the volume of imports into the Russian Empire. These plans prevented the First World War (now about this unrealized idea resembles only one of the holiday villages, in the name of which are combined two types of transport corridors - the ‘Iron Port’ (Zhelezny Port).

In the twentieth century Kherson region became a major industrial, agricultural and cultural center of southern Ukraine. Electric plant was built, confectionery, cannery, an elevator - one of the largest in the country at that time. From Kherson shipyard went tonnage tankers and docks, oil refinery was one of the largest in Europe, and combines of the Petrovsky factory and buses Skiff which were made in Kherson, were known far beyond Ukraine. In addition to Kherson, the advantageous location of the logistics allowed to begin construction of the largest industrial zones in Tsyurupinsk, Kakhovka, Genichesk districts. In addition, the Kherson region demonstrates the structures that reminds of a time when people learned to change nature, to make seas from the rivers and turn over backwards. Notable examples of this are – Kakhovka’s HPP, Kakhovka’s Sea, the North-Crimean canal.

Visit the Kherson region - land of endless possibilities for development!

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